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That is why it has become expedient now to do so. Once the Act is in force, the Union government sets up a Delimitation Commission. Context: Since the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir state into the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh, delimitation of their electoral constituencies has been inevitable. The State constituencies shall be four times the number of that of the House of Representatives of a State (In line with Section 112 of the 1999 Constitution). The lawmaker also noted that INEC as a body must adhere to laid down rules which would ensure that delimitation is covered in the constitution. Boundary Delimitation* Dr. Lisa Handley *Chapter published in Challenging the Norms and Standards of Election Administration (IFES, 2007), p. 59-74. PAY ATTENTION: Read the best news on Nigeria's #1 news app. In the United States, it is called redistricting.Unbalanced or discriminatory delimitation is called "gerrymandering." Constituency is a very important component in the democratic process. Context: About six months after the State of Jammu and Kashmir was split into the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh, the government has moved to start the delimitation of Assembly constituencies in J&K. ), Being Text of a Paper presented at a Seminar on “, Currently, there are observed agreements that. How is delimitation carried out? Some errors are noticed in the Tripura Panchayats (Delimitation of Constituencies) Rules, 1993 published in the Extraordinary issue of the Tripura Gazette on the 15th December, 1993 for which the foliowing correction slips are issued, name1y:-1. On March 6, the central government had constituted a commission for the delimitation of constituencies in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland and Jammu & Kashmir. Click on my boobs if you are interested (. Like any other issue relating to politics and specifically elections in. Engage the media at all levels: The media can be a reliable partner in facilitating effective dissemination of information on the subject. 1 In fact, since the North Sea Continental Shelf cases of 1969, eleven judgments concerning maritime delimitations were given by international courts and tribunals. INEC daily bulletin issued in Abuja on Wednesday quoted Jega as saying this on Tuesday at a Public Hearing on a Bill for an Act to Amend the Electoral Act No. INEC (2008). List of current constituencies (since 2008) Following is the list of the constituencies of the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha since the delimitation of legislative assembly constituencies in 2008. Prepared by IFES for the Delimitation Equity Project with funding from the United States Agency for International Development. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. As a result of the delimitation process, the number of seats allocated to different states in the Lok Sabha and the total number seats in a … The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) will barring any other obstacles, embark on the delimitation of constituencies and creation of polling units ahead of the 2019 election. Yakubu said this in a statement signed by Mr Rotimi Oyekanmi, his Chief Press Secretary, on Thursday in Abuja. Polling units are expected to be in the range of 500 – 700 voters depending on the peculiarities of the settlement. Transparency: INEC and the State governments should be transparent in explaining to the public the criteria for each action or readjustment in constituency delimitation. Constituency delimitation as part of INEC's mandate is a constitutional exercise required to be reviewed in every decade. The Law Officers Association of Nigeria (LOAN) is one of such constituencies and in my interaction with its members, two issues have stood out. Prof. Attahiru Jega, the Chairman, Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), said that delimitation of constituencies would be concluded after the general elections of 2015. Delimitation is the process of fixing limits or boundaries of territorial constituencies in a country to represent changes in population. There should be massive public education to ensure that Nigerians are sufficiently informed about the exercise. For prelims and mains: What is delimitation, why is it needed, how is it carried out and special provisions w.r.t to J&K. : The delimitation process should be as transparent and accessible to the public as possible. Context: The government has constituted a Delimitation Commission, to be headed by former Supreme Court judge Ranjana Prakash Desai, to redraw Lok Sabha and assembly constituencies of the Union Territory Jammu and … An all-party delegation in 2007 had petitioned the then union home minister Shivraj Patil that since there had been a law and order … Meanwhile, Nigeria's 18 remaining parties on Tuesday, February 11 backed the recent deregistration of 74 political parties by INEC. in single-member constituencies.1 Seats on the local authorities are filled in FPTP ward elections. Previously, I had argued that the greatest threat to democratic sustainability in the land revolves around the behaviour and attitude of the average Nigerian Politician. Democracy thrives on credibility and perceived fairness in its conduct. They should be able to identify with the outcome of the process in the interest of the credibility of the electoral system. In the context of elections, it can be called redistribution and is used to prevent unbalance of population across districts. Thus Adamu Mu’azu accounts for his stewardship. Information. Simply put, constituency delimitation is the equitable and balanced segmentation of communities into units for electoral representation in the body politics. What to study? Yakubu said this in a statement signed by Mr Rotimi Oyekanmi, his Chief Press Secretary, on Thursday in Abuja. Furthermore, the on-going exercise is expected to facilitate wide interaction between the different segments of the society. There is no single universally accepted format of constituency delimitation in the world. A lawmaker of the House of Representatives, Farah Dagogo, has warned that the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) does not need a constitutional amendment for delimitation of constituencies in Nigeria. Here, the various stakeholders, who of course include the media, too, can be mobilized to fully understand the subject to be able to inform and educate the general public. In post Independent Nigeria, the 1963 National census provided the basis for delimitation for the 1964, 1979 and the 1983 National elections. Under the [Delimitation Act of 2002], the Delimitation Commission of India has redefined the list of parliamentary constituencies, their constituent assembly segments and reservation status (whether reserved for Scheduled castes (SC) candidates or Scheduled tribes (ST) candidates or unreserved). List of current constituencies (since 2008) Following is the list of the constituencies of the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha since the delimitation of legislative assembly constituencies in 2008. WORD ORIGINS ; LANGUAGE QUESTIONS ; WORD LISTS ; SPANISH DICTIONARY; More. What to study? This was repeated in 1954. Prof. Mahmood Yakubu, the Chairman, Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), has said the Geographic Information System (GIS) equipment donated by European Centre for Electoral Support (ECES) would help in delimitation of constituencies. In our case, this will be done by the National Assembly. : After the whole exercise, the report will go to the relevant body for scrutiny and ratification. Context: The government has constituted a Delimitation Commission, to be headed by former Supreme Court judge Ranjana Prakash Desai, to redraw Lok Sabha and assembly constituencies of the Union Territory Jammu and … Delimitation of constituencies. It provides the basic unit in the selection of representatives in the arena of governance. Recently, the EC has held “internal discussions” on the Jammu and Kashmir reorganisation Act, 2019, particularly its provisions on delimitation. INEC daily bulletin issued in Abuja on Wednesday quoted Jega as saying this on Tuesday at a Public Hearing on a Bill for an Act to Amend the Electoral Act No. Dagogo while speaking at a press conference in Abuja said some sections of the Electoral Act must be amended to ensure a quality electoral process in Nigeria. Source: UGC "Rivers state has 13 members in the House of Representatives and a 32 member state House of Assembly, by interpretation of the constitution, the state is qualified for additional seven-state constituencies," Dagogo state. The coalition said the deregistered parties must look beyond its plight and INEC actions against it to ensure that the nature of politics in Nigerian is given a new narrative. In pursuit of its constitutional mandate of organizing, conducting and managing a credible electoral system for the country and by extension, safeguarding its democratic status, INEC had in January, 2008 inaugurated a National Advisory Committee on Delimitation of Constituencies (NACDCC) with the responsibilities that include the review of existing and perceived imbalances in the electoral constituencies to make them consistent with the laws of the land (. Engage the civil society sector: The CSOs can be constructively engaged to further advance the cause of the project. Delimitation of Constituencies. Enlightenment activities should emphasize the advantages of the exercise to the sustenance of democracy and peaceful coexistence in the country. With their extensive networks and spread, civil society organizations can facilitate the enlightenment and consensus building process at various levels through advocacy, knowledge dissemination, consensus building and total support for the initiative now and in the future. 1 In fact, since the North Sea Continental Shelf cases of 1969, eleven judgments concerning maritime delimitations were given by international courts and tribunals. For instance, Nigeria's population has continued to grow to its present estimated figure of nearly 160 million people. The territory of the Federal Republic of Germany is currently subdivided into 299 constituencies. Introduction Different sets of electoral district boundaries can produce different election outcomes, even if the underlying vote patterns are identical. Notwithstanding the above, the Constitution of India was specifically amended in 2002 not to have delimitation of constituencies till the first census after 2026. Peller stated that in the spirit of equity, fairness and justice that the constitution of the Federal Government of Nigeria stands for, there is an urgent need for the INEC and federal government to address the unjust delimitation of his constituencies. 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The main task of the commission is redrawing the boundaries of the various assembly and Lok Sabha constituencies based on a recent census.The representation from each State is not changed during this exercise. Such increases will have to be reflected in the new realignment. : Constituencies should be drawn taking into account cohesive communities, defined by such factors as administrative boundaries, geographic features, and communities of interest. Under the [Delimitation Act of 2002], the Delimitation Commission of India has redefined the list of parliamentary constituencies, their constituent assembly segments and reservation status (whether reserved for Scheduled castes (SC) candidates or Scheduled tribes (ST) candidates or unreserved). The Commission also identifies the seats to be reserved for the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes communities, in areas where their population is significant. The Commission is a powerful and independent body whose orders cannot be challenged in any court of law. Reacting to comments by some officials of INEC recently on the issue, Dagogo said the attitude of the electoral body in carrying out its functions is discouraging. Assam finance minister Himanta Biswa Sarma recently said that this exercise would be done only after the assembly elections, which are slated for early next year. The Constitution mandates that its orders are final and cannot be questioned before any court as it would hold up an election indefinitely. : The delimitation process should be devoid of electoral boundary manipulation that discriminates against voters on account of race, color, language, religion, or related status. FORTHCOMING ELECTIONS: CONSTITUENCIES & DELIMITATION DETAILS. "Rivers state has 13 members in the House of Representatives and a 32 member state House of Assembly, by interpretation of the constitution, the state is qualified for additional seven-state constituencies," Dagogo state. Previously , delimitation was done by a Delimitation Commission appointed by the President. He said the constitution also provided that a House of Assembly of a state shall consist of not less than 24 and not more than 40 members. History of constituency delimitation in Nigeria dates back to 1922 during the colonial period. Delimitation Commission studying data to delimit constituencies in Jammu and Kashmir The officials said the Commission could visit J&K most likely after by-elections to the vacant panchayats are over Constituencies (1) Nigeria shall be divided into as many constituencies as there are members of the House of Representatives in such manner as the competent authority, acting with the approval of each House of Parliament signified by resolution, may prescribe. GRAMMAR A-Z ; SPELLING ; PUNCTUATION ; WRITING TIPS ; USAGE ; EXPLORE . Natural frontiers and physical features should be considered, particularly in registration areas and polling units. Significantly, too, the exercise is expected to address the criticism on disproportionate representation alleged by some communities. And it must be seen as such by the generality of the population. Enlightenment activities should emphasize the advantages of the exercise to the sustenance of democracy and peaceful coexistence in the country. The Delimitation Commission Acts were enacted by the Parliament, in 1952, 1962, 1972 and 2002 for this purpose. The present delimitation of constituencies has been done on the basis of 2001 census figures under the provisions of Delimitation Act, 2002. What to study? Delimitation Commission studying data to delimit constituencies in Jammu and Kashmir The officials said the Commission could visit J&K most likely after by-elections to the vacant panchayats are over The Delimitation Commission Act was enacted in 1952. According to him, the […] In Page-I, in the Notification No. Introduction Different sets of electoral district boundaries can produce different election outcomes, even if the underlying vote patterns are identical. ABUJA – Prof. Attahiru Jega, the Chairman, Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), said that delimitation of constituencies would be concluded after the general elections of 2015. The first delimitation exercise was carried out by the President (with the help of the Election Commission) in 1950-51. It is expected to ensure that the delimitation guarantees equal distribution of seats in the National and State Assemblies in line with the provisions of the 1999 Constitution. According to the coalition, deregistered parties should stay away from the usual norm of seeking political office for personal gains. Delimitation is an important exercise as it is a basis for voter registration, promoting effective citizens representation and making electoral services more accessible to the people.” He said this year, the commission was yet again scheduled to undertake a delimitation of constituencies, wards and polling districts from June to November 2019. For prelims and mains: What is delimitation, why is it needed, how is it carried out and special provisions w.r.t to J&K. What are synonyms for delimitation? How it will be done? ABUJA – Prof. Attahiru Jega, the Chairman, Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), said that delimitation of constituencies would be concluded after the general elections of 2015. At present, 29 constituencies are reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled castes and 25 are reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled tribes: The Nigerian 1999 constitution says “Sovereignty belongs to the people of Nigeria from whom the government derives its authority and power”. Concluding, Hon. governance at the grass-root or local level” it presupposes that government at the local level should be sovereign at that level. There are 109 senatorial districts and 360 federal constituencies and several state constituencies in the country. The Supreme Court had on November 2 asked the Centre, and the Assam and Nagaland governments … For prelims and mains: What is delimitation, why is it needed, how is it carried out and special provisions w.r.t to J&K. The findings and conclusions in this resource guide are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of USAID Delimitation of constituencies is a constitutional duty of INEC. The lawmaker said delimitation of constituencies was long overdue in accordance with the 1999 Constitution as amended. Equality in Registration and Polling units: Registered voters in Registration areas should be near equal. Legit.ng previously reported that a coalition of political parties in Nigeria on Monday, February 17, called on deregistered parties to work together in the interest of Nigeria. Delimitation literally means the process of fixing limits or boundaries of territorial constituencies in a state that has a legislative body. I. ENGLISH DICTIONARY; SYNONYMS; TRANSLATE; GRAMMAR . Once the Act is in force, the Union government sets up a Delimitation Commission. Jammu and Kashmir is under President’s rule since June 2018. For instance, Nigeria's population has continued to grow to its present estimated figure of nearly 160 million people. How do you use delimitation in a sentence? Constituency delimitation as part of INEC's mandate is a constitutional exercise required to be reviewed in every decade. )( .). The level of intolerance, unwillingness to see reason from other perspectives, tendencies of electoral malpractices promoted by the winner takes all attitude and many more negative acts are the greatest threats to the system. There are 109 senatorial districts and 360 federal constituencies and several state constituencies in the country. Be guided by the settlement pattern of communities, especially as regards registration and polling areas. The Delimitation commission or Boundary commission of India is a commission established by the Government of India under the provisions of the Delimitation Commission Act. If “Local Government should therefore do precisely what the word government implies i.e. In a communique signed at the end of an emergency meeting by the political parties under the umbrella of Inter-Party Advisory Council (IPAC), the council said the action of INEC was constitutional. : All voices and opinions should be fully represented and reflected in the exercise. Without doubt, constituency delimitation is of paramount importance in the electoral process and indeed the democratic project. A lot is at stake that the country and specifically INEC and the major stakeholders dare not fail in the current effort to fundamentally reform the electoral process in the country. Prepared by IFES for the Delimitation Equity Project with funding from the United States Agency for International Development. The findings and conclusions in this resource guide are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of USAID According to him, the […] )( . Dagogo said that INEC has been mandated by law to divide every state in the federation into a number of state constituencies within that state at an interval of 10-years. Population: There should be reasonable equality between constituencies at any level in relation to the population in each LGA and State. Under Article 170, States also get divided into territorial constituencies as per Delimitation Act after every Census. … At present, 29 constituencies are reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled castes and 25 are reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled tribes: in single-member constituencies.1 Seats on the local authorities are filled in FPTP ward elections. Provided the basis of Equity, fairness and balance to ensure that Nigerians are sufficiently informed about exercise... A state that has a Legislative body Mu ’ azu accounts for his stewardship Article,. Thrives on credibility and perceived fairness in its conduct the range of –. 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