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african manatee facts

Manatees and their cousin the dugong, are exceedingly gentle, peaceful beings, often referred to as "sea cows". The manatee has a large, flexible, prehensile upper lip, used to gather food and eat and for social interaction and communication. It is also important for us to learn ways to help stop the decline of their population. West Indian manatees roam around the eastern coast of Central America and southeast US (this includes the Florida manatee). Manatees are also known as sea cows. The lids of man… With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. There are three species of manatees: the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus), West African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis) and Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis). They live in small groups that often don’t have more than 6 members. They also live in salt water regions, but this is not very common. A West Indian manatee, always curious, investigates a kayak in Florida. There are three species of manatee in the world and can be found in coastal rivers and waters. They are grain in color and have more hair than the other species. Manatee Habitat and Distribution Facts and Information . The "African manatee" , also known as the "West African manatee" or "seacow", is a species of manatee; it is mostly herbivorous . They look similar to the West Indian type, although their snouts are blunter. With low metabolic rates and minimal fat protection from cold water, they stick to water that is 60 degrees or warmer. They are also believed to be about 14 feet in length but many are only about 10 feet long. In fact, even getting photos of them is hard. At birth, baby manatees weigh about 30 kilograms (66 lb) each. The African Manatee, a vulnerable species, is facing several threats. African manatees live along the coast and in the rivers of western Africa. The Amaz… Amazonian manatees appear to be descendants of Miocene trichechids isolated in a closed interior basin of South America. 6. The African manatee's large forelimbs, or flippers, are used to paddle and to bring food to the manatee's mouth, after which the vegetation is chewed by its strong molars, which are the only teeth it has. The African Manatee can be up to 14 feet long. She will mate with several males during that period of time. There are three different species of manatees: the Amazonian manatee, the African manatee, and the West Indian manatee. The West Indian manatee is related to the West African manatee, the Amazonian manatee, the dugong, and Steller’s sea cow, which was hunted to extinction in 1768. If it is too cold their body can’t handle the stress so they have to move to a warmer location. In the U.S., manatees are found primarily in water above 68 degrees Fahrenheit. They are known to be living in small rivers, the Amazon Basin, West Africa, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea. Its flexible flippers are for touching, embracing (other manatees of course) and in moving their food. The body of this species of manatee is very large and round. Although not a great deal is known about this species, it is hypothesized that the African manatee is very similar to the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus). Manatees are believed to have evolved from a wading, plant-eating animal. Their names indicate the regions in which they live. They do fall victim to sharks and crocodiles from time to time though. Amazonian manatees are aquatic animals. There are all types of water that they live in too including murky brown water and clear rivers. African manatees occur in 21 countries in Africa The African manatee occurs in West and Central Africa. Their skin is thick and beneath it they have a layer of fat. It will take about 1 year for the single calf to be born, twins occur very rarely. This group of bulls is called a mating herd. They move very slowly in the water, at a rate of about 3 to 5 miles per hour. They mother generally forms a strong bond immediately with the calf. The Amazonian manatee is the smallest type of manatee, growing to just about nine feet long and 1,100 pounds. They use them to grind up the food that they consume so that they can swallow it. Manatees are large marine mammals with easily distinguishable round, flattened tails. The African Manatee is the one species that we know the least about. While the actual number of manatees in existence is not known, the current population of Amazonian manatees is about 10,000 animals while the African manatees are fewer than 10,000. These three Sirenia species are distinguished by their geographic location. Warm water is a must for the West Indian and West African manatee species. … The only teeth that this species has are molars. Every November, they make their way to Florida’s warmer waters for the winter marking Manatee Awareness Month. Amazonian manatees are smaller, reaching a length of 2.8 metres (9.2 feet) and a weight of 480 kg (1,056 pounds), and, unlike the other two species, they are darker gray in colour, commonly have a white patch on the chest, and lack nails on the flippers. The West African Manatee, Trichechus senegalensis, lives in rivers, estuaries and coastal marine environments along the west coast of Africa. It isn’t clear why more research hasn’t been done on the African Manatee. Despite eating in a slow and secretive manner, an Amazonian manatee each day is able to eat as much as 8% of its body weight. Facts about Manatees, West Indian Manatee, Amazonian Manatee, west African manatee. • the West African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis) Manatees inhabit the shallow, marshy coastal areas and rivers of the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico ( West Indian manatee), the Amazon basin (Amazonian manatee), and West Africa (West African manatee). Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. About the same size and shape of the West Indian manatee, the West African manatee differs in some important respects: position of the eyes, snout, and cranial bones. The Amazonian manatee come from the ‘Sirenia’ order and are also known as ‘seacows’. The African Manatee, a vulnerable species, is facing several threats. This range extends between Angola and Senegal. Although very little is known about this species, scientists think they are similar to the West Indian Manatees. They spend many hours per day searching for food and eating it. Despite eating in a slow and secretive manner, an Amazonian manatee each day is able to eat as much as 8% of its body weight. Many go there during the rainy season and they the water is gone and they aren’t able to get to other bodies of it before it is too late. They tend to be on the smaller side of the scale though when it comes to weight, around 750 to 790 pounds. The African Manatee is thought to live a very peaceful existence among the waters there. Manatees are usually found in seas and oceans but they are also river-dwelling creatures as in the case of Amazonian manatee. Fun Facts for Kids. You won’t find too many of them compiled even from those researchers that are quite fascinated with the African Manatee. Family: Dugongidae Dugong. African Manatee – Trichechus senegalensis. Manatees are gentle, non-aggressive animals. Once done mating, a bull does not concern itself anymore with the young manatee. The dugong is strictly marine, while West Indian and West African manatees can be found in both fresh and salt water. These cultures believe that harming the manatee will bring back things to their people. West African manatees closely resemble West Indian manatees and are similar in size. The biggest concerns for them come from humans. Manatees have shorter snouts than their fellow sirenians, the dugongs. They are typically born tail first. Scientific name: Trichechus Type of Animal: Mammal Animal Family: Trichechidae Where Found: North America, The Caribbean, South America, and Africa Length: 8 to 4.0 m (9.2 to 13.1 ft.) Weight: 400 to 590 kg (880 to 1,300 lb.) West Indian and West African manatees need warm water because they have low metabolic rates and very little fat to protect them from cold. The bond that develops between the mother and her calf is very strong and something that experts are in awe of. On average they are believed to be from 800 to 1,200 pounds. It actually grows on the land and then extends into the waters. They also search for a variety of different plants found in their natural habitat. They have smooth skin and a notched tail fluke. Manatees are born underwater. Description of the Manatee. The shallow waters and marshy coastal regions are the most common places where you will find the manatee living. It takes about 13 months for the calf to be born. The African Manatee (Trichechus senegalensis) is a big, roundly-shaped mammal, whose forelimbs could serve as flippers...and whose rear is horizontal and flat. Occasionally eaten by crocodiles and sharks, their main predator is man, from poaching, habitat loss and other environmental hazards. The government simply doesn’t make them a priority due to the many other concerns they have. Interesting manatee facts: 6-10. West Indian manatee facts: learn about these gentle aquatic giants with awesome pictures and in-depth information … West Indian Manatee. Manatee Facts At A Glance. Only the equally remarkable creature known as West Indian Manatee attains a larger average size. Like its relatives, this gentle manatee is threatened with extinction a… They have a split lip that allows them to pick up food and they also use the nails on their flippers to assist with this process. 2. Manatees are shallow, warm water species that are found along the coast, which is where they are in close proximity to their food. Like elephants and hyraxes, the manatee is an herbivore -- in fact, manatees are the only marine mammal herbivore species in existence, according to Sirenian International. Check out all these cool facts: Manatees live in shallow coastal waters and rivers, feeding on sea grass and algae. They haven’t been widely explored though so a great deal of what information we have about them stems from captivity settings as well as from correlation with other species. REPRODUCTION. While you can’t blame them for looking for a way to survive themselves, each one they destroy brings the total number of African Manatees to a lower count. The large body of those manatees is mostly made up of the stomach and intestines, making them look like they have much more body fat than they really do. Mating can be difficult for the African Manatee as they seem to spread out more than the other species. Many people still hunt them for food in order to survive in the poor regions of Africa. It is believed that the African Manatee is smaller than those in other regions. They are very social and will spend a great deal of time bonding. Both the West Indian and the West African manatees can live in water with various degrees of salinity, from fresh, to brackish, to ocean. Even though all manatees are classified as herbivores, this species has a more diverse diet. The West Indian manatee is also often called by the name American manatee. Manatee Facts At A Glance. Manatees weigh 400 to 550 kilograms (880 to 1,210 lb), and average 2.8 to 3.0 metres (9.2 to 9.8 ft) in length, sometimes growing to 4.6 metres (15 ft) and 1,775 kilograms (3,913 lb) (the females tend to be larger and heavier). The complexities of such larger groups are a mystery in many ways to researchers, but they seem to work quite well for the African Manatee. Manatees are gentle, non-aggressive animals. There are three species of manatees: West Indian Manatees (Trichechus Manatus), West African Manatees (Trichechus Senegalensis), Amazonian or South American Manatees (Trichechus Inunguis). Manatees have occasionally been seen to eat foods other than plants. The range of the Amazon manatee is marked in red. They are migrational and they will move based on the availability of food and the temperature of the water. They feed on seagrasses and are hunted for food by humans. However, they do need frequent access to freshwater for drinking. The African manatee is the least well-known of the three manatee species in genus Trichechus. They may look fat and insulated, but the large body of the manatee is mostly made up of their stomach and intestines! Fast Facts Description The manatee's body is streamlined, full around the middle and narrowing to a paddle-shaped tail. The African Manatee is mainly found around the Western part of Africa. The females will generally have one calf every 3 to 5 years. African Manatee Description, Behavior, Feeding, Reproduction, African Manatee threats and more. by BioExpedition | Oct 30, 2012 | Mammals, Manatee | 0 | Facts and Information about African Manatees. The West African manatee can be found in the coastal areas of West Africa. African Manatee. West African manatees are found in West African coastal areas, but little is known about this species because they have not been widely studied. They live in waters that are about 10-16 feet deep, and these waters can be freshwater, saltwater, or brackish. The name Sirenia originates from the confusion early sailors had between mermaids and manatees. Poaching seems to be a big problem with the African Manatee as well. by Manatee-World | Feb 27, 2014 | Species |. All manatee species are highly endangered or vulnerable and facing a big risk of extinction, with the total manatee population projected to decline by about 30 percent in the next 20 years. (200 to 590 kilograms). The average adult manatee is about 10 feet long and weighs between 800 and 1,200 pounds. All species are today considered to be endangered species. African manatees are extremely slow, moving at between 4.8 and 8.0 km (3 and 5 mi) an hour, unless they fear predators, when they can travel at speeds of about 32 km (20 mi) an hour. Amazonian Manatee Characteristics The Amazonian manatees colour is brownish grey and they have […] There are three different manatee species that are currently found in entire world. ERRORS in the site, please contact us. They may appear to be brown or green in color at times though due to the amount of algae that is found in their natural habitat. “African manatees feed on more than 90 species of freshwater and shoreline plants, from seagrasses and mangroves to freshwater plants and shoreline grasses,” Keith-Diagne says. Here are some Manatee Facts for Kids: Manatees are marine mammals. They are more diverse in terms of the types of water they can survive in than the other species of manatees. They also have some markings of brown or gray on the abdomen. Manatees belong to the genus Trichechus, under the order Sirenia which is under the kingdom Animalia. In actuality, it is a subspecies of the West Indian manatee—the Florida manatee—that lives in the U.S. Manatees are long-lived and reproduce slowly. They are known to live only in freshwater areas. These fully aquatic creatures have large, rotund bodies, giving them the nickname “sea cow.” Read on to learn about the manatee. The African manatee is thought to be similar in appearance and behaviour to the better known American manatee. Manatees Today. The body of this species of manatee is very large and round. Three out of four species of manatee are under the order Sirenia. They tend to stick to the shallow areas regardless of the type of water they stay in. Fun Facts for Kids. However, they are also known to consume clams, small fish from nets, and mollusks. However, most experts agree that they are very similar to the other species of manatee in this regard. Other Name: American manatee Scientific name: Trichechus manatus Type of Animal: Mammal Animal Family: Trichechidae Where Found: Along the coast of Florida, the Gulf Coast and the Caribbean Length: 2.7 to 3.5m (8.9 to 11.5ft) Manatees are believed to have evolved from a wading, plant-eating animal. Interesting manatee facts: 6-10. It lives in lagoons within equatorial rainforests, in rivers at the edge of the Sahara Desert, around coastal islands in the Atlantic Ocean, and in many other habitats in 21 countries along the Atlantic African coast, as well as over 2000 miles inland in rivers in Mali and Chad. They have been seen around the coast of Africa, Nigeria, and down to the Republic of Congo. When you consider other species of the manatee that weigh as much as 1,200 pounds then that is a significant difference. Typically, manatees stay in rivers, seas and oceans along the coast of several countries. The African Manatee (Trichechus senegalensis) is a species of manatee and is the least studied of the four species of sirenians. The females will go into estrus and that attracts the males. There are only three species of manatees remaining today: West Indian, West African and Amazonian. All species are today considered to be endangered species. Posted by BioExpedition | Oct 30, 2012 | Mammals, Manatee |. The West Indian manatee is also often called by the name American manatee. They are rarely seen and the least studied of the sirenians. Even so, the males come together in small groups to court the females. The body of African manatee is widest in the middle while the tail resembles a paddle. A female manatee is called a cow, while a male manatee is called a bull. It is gray in color and the body is covered by colorless hairs. They are: (a) West Indian manatee, (b) Amazonian manatee and (c) African manatee. When you consider other species of the manatee that weigh as much as 1,200 pounds then that is a significant difference. In addition, it also displays only a small sign of sexual dimorphism. Manatee are Vulnerables in their natural habitat. African Manatee Physical Description First of all, the truly fascinating African Manatee constitutes the second largest of all known varieties of this wonderful mammal. African Manatee Description. They are also found living around the Democratic Republic of Congo and Liberia. The West Indian manatee is the only species that lives in the U.S. West African Manatees reach lengths between 3 and 4 m (10 - 13 ft) and they weigh up to 500 kgs (1,100 lbs). The West African Manatee, Trichechus senegalensis, lives in rivers, estuaries and coastal marine environments along the west coast of Africa.They are rarely seen and the least studied of the sirenians. Parenting and Diet. Facts about Manatee Conservation and relevant information about Manatee in captivity and their protection. The African manatee is the most endangered and least studied manatee species in the world. Portrait of a Manatee Undoubtedly the coolest of all manatee facts is that their seemingly hairless bodies are actually covered in thousands of short, whisker-like, "tactile hairs", that can help them "see" what's around them. As a result, their diet is more diversified than other species of manatee. Facts Summary: The West African Manatee (Trichechus senegalensis) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): Africa.This species is also known by the following name(s): Seacow. The content in this site was created from the following resources. Trichechus senegalensis, the West African manatee. Key Facts & Information TAXONOMY. 5 Birds Perfectly Adapted to Modern Cities. Mating can start around the age of 3 for the females and closer to 10 for the males. Manatees range in size from 8 to 13 feet (2.4 to 4 meters) and can weigh 440 to 1,300 lbs. Although an Amazonian manatee has very small eyes, surprisingly it can see very well, and it even has a membrane that it … There are three different species of manatees: the Amazonian manatee, the African manatee, and the West Indian manatee. This diversity may be part of the key to their survival through evolution for millions of years. There are three species of manatee; the West Indian manatee, the West African manatee, and the Amazon manatee. It starts to narrow towards the back as it becomes the paddle shaped tail. Facts about Manatees, West Indian Manatee, Amazonian Manatee, west African manatee. There is plenty still unknown about the behaviors of the African Manatee. OF THE AFRICAN MANATEE MASAHARU NISHIWAKI, MASASHI YAMAGUCHI, SHIGEMITSU SHOKITA Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa SENZO UCHIDA Okinawa Ocean EXPO Memorial Park Aquarium, Okinawa AND TERUO KATAOKA Toba Aquarium, Mie ABSTRACT The survey was made in travelling west African countries in 1980 and 1981 mainly on the distribution of African manatee, … They tend to be on the smaller side of the scale though when it comes to weight, around 750 to 790 pounds. Due to the way in which human actions have polluted the water and the air they are suffering. On average they are believed to be from 800 to 1,200 pounds. There are times of the year that this part of the river will completely dry up due to the hot temperatures and the lack of rain. The Amazonian manatee species inhabit the Amazon River and the African manatee swims along the west coast and rivers of Africa. They tend to be on the smaller side of the scale though when it comes to weight, around 750 to 790 pounds. The average adult manatee is about 10 feet long and weighs between 800 and 1,200 pounds. This occurs through touch, through verbal communication, and through smells. This results in a slow rate of reproduction and that can be a significant factor when you are talking about efforts to increase their overall population. Africa has manatees, too. Antillean manatees have been known to eat fish from nets and West African manatees have been known to eat clams (Reynolds and Odell, 1991). Photos of African Manatees are very rare. In Sierra Leone, Africa, the West African manatee is considered a pest because they consume fields of planted rice. Done mating, cows are followed around by a dozen or more bulls ) each manatee! Smooth skin and a notched tail fluke be appreciated to improve our site appearance and behaviour the! Them to grind up the food that they consume fields of planted rice is too cold their can. Move to a paddle-shaped tail clams, small fish from nets, and these can. Of West Africa easily distinguishable round, flattened tails colorless hairs from trees and plants that hang over water! Are classified as herbivores, this species, scientists think they are to. That they are believed to be descendants of Miocene trichechids isolated in a closed interior basin of America. Will generally have one calf every 3 to 5 years the U.S site... Mother and her calf is very large and round to be on the abdomen hair their... Information about African manatees occur in 21 countries in Africa the African manatee they..., their main predator is man, from poaching, habitat loss and other hazards... Polluted the water the mangrove trees, at a rate of about 3 to 5 miles per hour it. Poor regions of Africa, from poaching, habitat loss and other environmental hazards searching for food or warmer.... In length but many are only about 10 feet long to narrow towards the back as it becomes paddle... 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